Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland present at the base of your neck. The thyroid gland releases the hormones called Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4). It makes these hormones using little iodine derived from the food.
T3 and T4 hormones control the metabolic rate of the body and their levels must not be too high or too low. The hypothalamus and pituitary gland maintain the levels of T3 and T4 hormones.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is a hormone released by the hypothalamus which signals pituitary to indicate thyroid gland to produce more or less of T3 and T4.
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism are the two conditions which are an outcome of the disturbance in the T3 and T4 levels.
Hypothyroidism is a condition when the T3 and T4 levels go low is when the levels are lower than normal. It leads to slow metabolism which results in weight gain. The common symptoms include tiredness, difficulty in concentration, dry skin and pain in joints and muscles
Hyperthyroidism is a condition when the T3 and T4 levels go high and it leads to increase in the metabolic rate which results in drastic weight loss. The common symptoms include anxiety, sweating, hyperactivity and hair loss.
Foods to Balance Optimal Thyroid Levels:
- Buckwheat – Buckwheat is a gluten-free food. Gluten is advised to be limited as it affects the secretion of thyroid hormones especially when the condition is because of autoimmunity. Buckwheat is a good source of fibers and carbs and helps in the secretions of T3 and T4 hormones.
- Eggs – Eggs are a good source of proteins which helps in the transportation of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream. They also contain antioxidants which are good for eye health and are highly nutritious.
- Bean sprouts – Include legumes like bean sprouts which are healthy and are non-starchy. They have anti-inflammatory properties and are an amazing source of nutrition.
- Berries – Berries are loaded with antioxidants and are low in calories. The antioxidants prevent the cells from free radical damage. It is also known for anti-inflammatory properties which help in the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.
- Nuts – Nuts like almonds contain low-iodine content and are rich in calcium. It prevents the bone diseases which may be an outcome of hyperthyroidism as it leads to weak and brittle bones.
- Chia seeds – Chia seeds are selenium-rich foods. Selenium is known to regulate thyroid hormone levels and protects it from diseases. It prevents cell damage and also helps in keeping it healthy.
Over to you
Thyroid health is very crucial to maintain and is very commonly avoided. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by including these foods in your diet to reduce the chances of any kind of disturbances in the secretion of thyroid hormones.