The month of October is observed as Breast Cancer Awareness Month worldwide. This month is dedicated to raise awareness, raise funds, research causes, and contribute towards prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and cure of breast cancer.
Pink ribbon is the symbol dedicated to Breast Cancer awareness.
Breast Cancer is the most common type of cancer in women worldwide, both in developed and developing countries. The incidence of breast cancer has increased by 10% since 2008.
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a disease in which fast-growing abnormal malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast.
According to the World Health Organization, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide, claiming the lives of hundreds of thousands of women each year.
Risk factors of Breast Cancer
Family history of breast cancer (genetics)- BRCA1, BRCA2, p53 gene
Early menarche (periods)
Overweight or obesity
Breast Self Examination
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
A point to always remember is that breast cancer does not show early signs, so it is advisable to self-diagnose yourself on a regular basis.
Facts about Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is not only associated with women. It can rarely occur to men also.
Research shows mothers who breastfeed have a lower risk of pre- and post-menopausal breast cancer.
A woman has about a one in eight chance of being diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime, according to the National Cancer Institute.
Most women (about eight out of 10) who get breast cancer do not have a family history of the disease.
Women with dense breasts (more glandular and fibrous tissue and less fatty tissue) on mammograms have a risk of breast cancer that is about 1.5 to 2 times that of women with average breast density.
Obesity is a known risk factor for breast cancer.
Breast cancer has been called the “nun’s disease” because of the high number of nuns affected.
Most of the women can survive breast cancer if the condition is diagnosed early.
Breast cancer is more common in the left breast as compared to right breast (by 5-10%).
Bursting the Myths on Breast Cancer
1.Myth – Underwire bras can cause breast cancer
Fact- Scientific evidence does not support a link between wearing an underwire bra (or any type of bra) and breast cancer risk
2.Myth- Abortion can increase the risk of breast cancer
Fact- There is clearly no link between abortion and breast cancer link
3.Myth- Excessive coffee consumption can cause breast cancer
Fact- There is no direct evidence to support the claim that caffeine increases the risk of breast cancer
4.Myth- Direct injury or trauma to breast can lead to breast cancer’
Fact- No available research exists that indicates a link between breast injury and cancer.
Prevention of Breast Cancer
Eat a nutritious diet loaded with fruits and vegetables
Indulge in regular physical activity fir at least 45 minutes five times in a week
Cut down on alcohol and cigarette
Completely avoid processed and junk food
Get yourself scanned regularly
Practice healthy breastfeeding
Manage your stress effectively
Stay aware and spread the word
Don’t let this disease or the risk factors hamper your spirits. Go ahead and flaunt your favourite pink attire, because that’s the colour associated with the awareness of Breast Cancer.