All You Need to Know About PCOS

By Nmami Agarwal     21-Aug 2018

All You Need to Know About PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a medical condition which affects women’s hormonal levels. It disrupts the functioning of the reproductive organs that produce progesterone and estrogen, the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle. Hormones in your body help different functions to take place optimally. Some hormones support women during the childbearing and also to regulate the menstrual cycle. Insufficient or overproduction of these hormones leads to PCOS. Hormones which have disturbed functioning and cause PCOS include androgens, insulin, and progesterone. To know more in detail, read on.

Glimpse Of Hormonal Disorder

  • Androgens: These hormones are basically the ‘male hormones’ but women’s bodies produce some amount of it too. Women diagnosed with PCOS tend to have a higher level of these hormones and symptoms like baldness, excessive hair growth on your face and complications in getting pregnant.

  • Progesterone: In a condition like PCOS, your body does not produce enough of this hormone which leads to irregular periods for a long span of time or unpredictable periods.

  • Insulin: Insulin controls the blood sugar levels in your body. In case, you have PCOS, your body might not react to insulin, in a way it is supposed to.

Know The Symptoms

PCOS signs and symptoms often develop at the initial stage of the menstrual cycle. At times, PCOS can also develop and reveal its symptoms, later in future, for instance, in response to excessive weight gain. Moreover, the signs and symptoms of PCOS may also vary from woman to woman. A woman is diagnosed with PCOS when she witnesses at least two of the below-mentioned symptoms:

  • Irregular periods: Irregular, infrequent or delayed menstrual cycles are the very first and most common symptoms of PCOS. To understand better, please refer this example, you might experience lesser than nine menstrual cycles a year or more than 35 days gap between the start of next menstrual cycle or abnormally heavy flow during the menstrual cycle.

  • Excess androgen: Excessive production of androgen (male hormones) results in changed physical appearance, such as excess facial and body hair growth also called hirsutism and intermittent severe bouts of acne and formation of bald patches.

  • Polycystic ovaries: Ovaries might get enlarged and contain follicles which surround the eggs. In response, your ovaries might fail to function properly.

How PCOS Can Affect Your Body

Having higher than normal hormone production levels in the body can result in complications in your fertility and other aspects of the health.

  • Infertility: PCOS is amongst the leading reasons for infertility in women. Getting pregnant depends on how you optimally and regularly you ovulate. Women who can’t ovulate regularly can’t release eggs to be fertilized which lead to infertility.

  • Metabolic syndrome: Almost eighty percent of women are overweight or obese with PCOS condition. Both overweight and PCOS amplify the risk of high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, high LDL (bad) cholesterol and low HDL (good) cholesterol. Together, these factors are called metabolic syndrome.

  • Sleep apnea: It’s a condition causing regular pauses while breathing during the night, interrupting sleep. Sleep apnea is common in overweight women, especially in those who have PCOS. Risk of sleep apnea is higher in obese women with PCOS than in those who don’t.

  • Endometrial cancer: When ovulation takes place, the uterine lining sheds off on its own. If you don’t ovulate each month, the lining builds up and the thickened lining of uterine can raise the risk for endometrial cancer.

  • Depression: Both, hormonal disorder and the symptoms like infertility and excessive hair growth on unwanted parts of the body can adversely affect the emotions that one who goes through. Therefore, many with PCOS experience anxiety and depression.

Over to you

PCOS can drastically disrupt your menstrual cycles and make it harder for you to get pregnant. Therefore, lifestyle interventions are mandatory and should be a part of your treatments. Consulting the doctor for PCOS often works well. Also, metformin and birth control pills can give relief from PCOS symptoms and restore normal menstrual cycles as well. But always seek the advice of your doctor before using any medication or treatment method.


2 thoughts on “All You Need to Know About PCOS”

  1. Hello Ma’am, I am 26 year old unmarried girl. I am suffering with PCOS from last 2 years. I’m taking medicine since than. When I stops this the irregularities of menstural cycle gets start. I want to is there any treatment by which I can get over with this problem or for how long I have to continue this treatment. Please suggest diet I should follow.

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Nmami Life - Diet & Nutrition
Recipe Alert
Beets have a lovely colour, taste and texture. But beets aren’t supposed to be smoked like eggplant. You need to boil them up before smoking, else they’re going to take forever in preparation. Here is our quick and easy guide for best smoked beets recipe

Nutritional Benefits

Beetroot provides you with fibre, iron, potassium, folate and Vitamin C which is good for skin and further act as an antioxidant. It can improve exercise performance, lower blood pressure and serve as a low calorie food. It can also improve digestion and help in weight management. Thyme is a Mediterranean herb and has been traditionally used to cure diarrhoea, stomach ache and sore throat.


2 small beets

Few sprigs of thyme

1 teaspoon olive oil

1 teaspoon lemon zest

Salt- as per taste

Calorie = 112 kcal
Protein = 2.8 grams
Carbohydrates = 14.8 grams
Fat = 4.7 grams
Recommended for- High Blood Pressure and Digestion
Course- Evening Snack


Cut beets into thin slices

Put them in a saucepan, with some water. Boil until tender

Next, light your charcoal or barbecue fire

Take a large piece of foil and lay the beets in them. Brush a little olive oil and top with thyme and lemon zest.

Fold the foil and twist the ends together. Punch small holes in the foil with the help of a knife or fork.

Leave it to cook for 15-20 minutes.

Once cooked, allow it to cool and then discard the charred skin.

Toss with salt and pepper, and serve.

Over to you

Beetroot is a wonder vegetable with goodness of many nutrients. Smokey beets give the dish a distinctive taste along with the flavourful thyme herb. Do try it out!
Know more: 
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Nmami Life - Diet & Nutrition
Myth of the Day
Your safe bet- consult a nutritionist!
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